Geotechnical Engineering



The Geotechnical engineering division in the Civil engineering department was established in the early 1960’s. Since then, the division has been offering post-graduation programmes and carrying out advanced research & consultancy projects in various areas of Geotechnical Engineering. Major areas of research in the Geotechnical engineering includes physico-chemical behaviour of soils, strength and deformation behaviour of soils, soil dynamics & earthquake engineering and machine foundations, soil stabilisation, stone/sand columns, reinforced earth, geosynthetics, environmental geotechnique and waste disposal, unsaturated soil mechanics, rock mechanics, Numerical methods in geotechnical engineering.


The division offers a two year full time M.Tech Program and  research programs (MS  & Ph.D) in Geotechncial engineering specilisation. A number of theory and laboratory courses are offered by the faculty covering the diverse areas of Geotechnical Engineering. Depending on the academic necessity, the students are also encouraged to take courses in other Civil Engineering areas and other departments. Some of the  undergraduate and post-graduate courses offered in the division are:

  • Advanced Soil Mechanics
  • Soil Dynamics
  • Reinforced Soil Structures
  • Advanced Foundation Engineering
  • Elastic Analysis in Geomechanics
  • Applied Soil Mechanics
  • Ground Improvement Techniques
  • Geotechnics for Infrastructure
  • FEM and Constitutive Modelling in Geomechanics
  • Field Tests and Monitoring
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Rock Engineering
  • Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering
  • Engineering Geology

Excellent laboratory facilities exist for carrying out advanced research in various areas of Geotechnical Engineering. The facilities are used for conducting undergraduate and post-graduate laboratory classes and post-graduate research works. Some of the major facilities are listed below:

  • 200kN capacity UTM for testing geosynthetic products
  • Apparatus to test filtration/drainage characteristics of geotextiles
  • Cross-hole and Down-hole testing facility
  • Field dynamic pile load testing
  • Field pore pressure monitoring equipment
  • Glotzl contact pressure measuring equipment
  • Large scale testing facility for pullout testing of reinforcement elements and retaining wall facing elements
  • Creep testing facilities for geosynthetics
  • Retaining wall test facility
  • Large testing tanks for carrying out laboratory model tests
  • Large size (300 X 300 X 100mm) direct shear test apparatus
  • Light Cone Penetration Test device for field applications
  • Interactive computer software for analysis and design of soil slopes and retaining walls
  • Mechanical exciter with accessories to carry out soil dynamic tests
  • Personal computers with printers and data acquisition cards
  • Triaxial test apparatus with facility to apply repetitive loading and Field Settlement monitoring equipments
  • Personal computers with printers and data acquisition cards
  • Electronic data logging equipment
  • Cyclic triaxial test apparatus

Please click here for a tour of the Geotechnical Division Laboratory facilities.

Research Areas

The MS and Ph.D. research work in the division covers analytical, experimental and numerical methods of investigation. On an average about 6 MS and 4 Ph.D. students are registered in the division annually. Some of the latest research topics are :

  • Behavior of Pile Walls in Liquefying Soil Layers
  • Analytical and Experimental Studies on Geotextile Reinforced Road Aggregates
  • Strengthening of Week Soil Against Liquefaction
  • Liquefaction Modeling Using Computer Techniques
  • Study And Design of Vertical Drains for Ground Improvement
  • Behavior of Reinforced Soil Walls Under Dynamic Loads
  • Finite Element Analysis of Pile Jetting
  • Probabilistic Settlement Analysis of Shallow Foundations
  • Reliability Analysis of Piled – Raft Foundation
  • Stochastic Ground Response Analysis
  • Dynamic Lateral Response of Piles in Clay
  • A Continuous Spring Model for Soil-Structure Interaction for the Analysis of Beams, Plates, Shells, and their Combinations on Elastic Foundations
  • Design of Ground Improvement Using Stone Columns
  • Improvement of Expansive Soil by Deep Insitu Technique
  • Liquefaction Resistance of Soils With Plastic and Non-Plastic Fines
  • Studies on Construction of Embankments on Soft Clay Soil Using Geocell layers and Stone Columns
  • Drag Load on Piles and Remedial Methods
  • Stochastic Finite Element Method for Reinforced Soil Structures